|Evolution of plants
ferns The oldest
Four very old plants Parka Myriapods Crock Hey (Seed) ferns Scorpion Lepidodendron Sigillaria Calamites
Wood of Calamites Cordaites The leaf of Neuropteris Little animals Graissessac Psaronius Permian of Lodève
Bayreuth Yorkshire Gymnosperm wood Tree fern Tempskya Palm wood Hardwood Manosque Links Eight fossils
Exceptionally preserved plant fossils from Crock Hey
The coal from the Lancashire Coal Field has been extracted for many years. Sometimes this is done in underground mines, but also often in opencast coal pits. In the former case the life span can be long, like the Bickershow mine, which was closed down in 1992 after having yielded coal for more than 150 years. In the latter case the life span is much shorter: mostly less than 10 years. When the concession has been exhausted, the quarry is filled up and made ready for new landscape (building houses included). Click here for SandyForth Opencast.
An example of such a temporary coal pit is Crock Hey (also called Crockhey), which is situated between Liverpool and Manchester, not far from Wigan. This quarry yielded coal for 8 years and has been closed down recently. The pit has been filled in and soon the memory of the big hole will fade away. But not in the mind of the paleontologists!
In the quarry,
concretions of siderite (an iron compound) occurred in which plants and small
animals from the coal swamps of the Late Carboniferous (Westphalian A) have
been preserved in exceptionally good quality. A couple of local amateurs
have collected these nodules during the life span of the quarry and they
have built up wonderful collections. With one of them, Steve Livesley from
Lowton, I have come in contact through my website. With him, my wife and
I have collected in the quarry during its last days. We have found there
several nice fossils, but they pale before Steve's splendid collection.
Pictures of animals from the siderite nodules, like xiphosurids, millipeds and insects, are on the page 'Little animals in the coals swamps'. Search for the addition Crockhey.